This was a nationally aired news item on pesticides for mange and fleas Killing dogs and making them sick. Follow the link and come back and find more about how to do it safely and easily without risking your pets health whether it is a dog, cat or other pet.
There are several different types of Mites that are likely to infest your pets and your home.
Mites are not insects. They are more closely related to spiders. They have eight legs and most are very tiny. Most species you need at least a magnifying glass to see them. The most common varieties found on dogs and other pets are listed. Some separate varieties are present like Demodex canis infects dogs but Demodex Gatoi will infest cats but the major species is Demodex.
There are three different main types of Mites that are referred to as Mange.
- Cheyletiella mites
- Sarcoptes scabiei mites
- Demodex mites
Cheyletiella mites cause an itchy, scaling skin disease called Cheyletiellosis. It is a mite found in dogs often called walking dandruff. This term is used because when you carefully look at an infested dog, it may appear that the dandruff is moving. The actual movement is caused by the Cheyletiella mites moving around under the flakes of skin. Cheyletiella mites live over the entire body, but the itching often seems worse over the back.
Cheyletiellosis is a zoonotic disease, which means that it can be transferred to and from other species like dogs, cats or humans. Dogs can commonly acquire the infestation from other pets or even humans. The mites like all mites are transmitted only by close contact with other infested animals. The mites can survive for a few days off the host but each day away from its host lessons the chance of it being able to re-infest another host. Cheyletiella live more on the surface of the body and therefore eggs can be transferred to the environment and later infect another host.
Scabies in Humans are a skin infection that is caused by a microscopic mite that cannot be viewed by the eye. It is highly contagious and can be easily transferred by way of direct contact with people or objects infested. The Scabies mite can be caught by anyone and there is a myth that it is because of being unclean. Hospitals, nursing homes and dormitories are all places that scabies is easily transferred between people. It also happens during sexual contact.
Scabies mites begin to look for areas of the body that are less exposed such as the back where they cannot be scratched off as easily or the chest, armpits. The also hide in the genital area, between the toes, under the nails, and between the fingers. Female mites burrow short tunnels less than 1/8 of an inch long within the skin and lay eggs. The symptoms of a scabies infection happen because of an allergic reaction to the mites’ eggs, secretions, and feces.
Sarcoptes Scabiei mites are very tiny and invisible to the naked eye. The female mite will burrow beneath the skin and create a tiny tunnel in which to lay the eggs. These eggs hatch in about 3-4 days and take around 10 total days to mature. The newly hatched mites will crawl out of the burrow to the surface of the skin where they live until the female mates and form a new burrow.
The Sarcoptes scabiei mites dig burrows for laying eggs into and through the skin. These burrows and the eggs and feces in them may cause intense itching and crusting of the skink that can quickly become infected with bacteria.
The symptoms of hair loss and the crusting skin frequently appear first on elbows, ears and face. Skin damage can occur from the dogs intense scratching and biting. Secondary skin infection with pussy open wounds is also common. There is often a funky smell that comes with mange as well. Dogs with chronic Sarcoptic mange are often in poor physical condition and have weak immune systems for a variety of reasons.
Old dogs can have weak immune systems as can puppies before they develop fully. The simple act of taking a dog to a vet and getting immunization shots and getting the multiple shot instead of individual ones can trigger a loss of immune function sufficient to start mange mites growing. Even a change in the dogs’ emotional state can trigger it moving from one house to another, having a loved one move away to college and other things just like in a human when you are not happy you tend to get sick more often.
Sarcoptes scabiei also known as canine scabies or Sarcoptic mange is a highly contagious infestation of Sarcoptes scabiei canis, a burrowing mite. Each animal has its own version of the mite and it will generally only thrive on that specific type of host. The canine Sarcoptic mite can also infest humans and cats, pigs, horses, sheep and various other species for short periods of time but it cannot reproduce without the dog host and mites will die off within the 21 day life span of that mite.